Abstract: The proximate and mineral compositions, gross energy, sugars, oligosaccharides and some anti-nutrient substances of raw, soaked, dehulled and germinated bambara groundnut seeds were determined. Crude protein, ash, crude fibre, nitrogen free extract and gross energy values were significantly (p<0.05) highest in Germinated Bambara Groundnut (GBG), compared to soaked and Dehulled Bambara Groundnut (SBG and DBG). Ether extract was significantly (p<0.0) reduced in DBG and GBG samples, but statistically highest in RBG and SBG seeds. Calcium, potassium and magnesium levels were significantly (p<0.05) higher in GBG seeds compared to the values in SBG and DBG. The value of phosphorous in RBG was significantly (p<0.05) reduced by dehulling and germination, but not affected by soaking. Sucrose and glucose levels of processed bambara groundnut seeds were significantly (p<0.05) highest in GBG samples than other processed samples. Whereas, the raffinose, stachyose, trypsin inhibitor activity, haemagglutinin, tannin and phytin contents were significantly (p<0.05) reduced by all the processing methods with the least value recorded in GBG. The results indicate that germination enhanced the nutrient contents and drastically reduced the anti-nutrient components of raw bambara groundnut seeds.
S.O. Omoikhoje , A.M. Bamgbose and M.B. Aruna , 2006. Determination of the Nutrient and Anti-Nutrient Components of Raw, Soaked, Dehulled and Germinated Bambaragrounnut Seeds. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 5: 1022-1025.