Abstract: We assumed to examine the acute myotoxic effects of infusion of the local anesthetic lidocaine and prilocaine on the gluteus maximus muscle after continuous peripheral nerve blockade in rats. Eight adult female Sprague-Dawley average weighing 150-200 g rats were used in this study. Firstly, all of the animals were anesthetized with ketamine (50 mg kg-1) for 6 h. Then, prilocaine (right) and lidocaine (left) were used in equal volume (5 mg mL-1) for continuous peripheral nerve blockades of the posterior extremity at a rate of 0.3 mL h-1 for a total period of 6 h in 5 animals. The remaining 3 animals as control group were treated with physiological saline on both sides at 0.3 mL h-1 for a total period of 6 h. For routine histological observation, the infusion area was dissected and tissue samples including peripheral muscle were taken. For routine histological observation, the infusion area was dissected and tissue samples including peripheral muscle were taken. Method histological hazards as myotoxicite were not observed in skeletal muscle tissue after the infusion of prilocaine and lidocaine. There were no complications cases of local anesthesia. Prilocaine and lidocaine as local anesthetics might be applied safely by infusion.
M.C. Ragbetli, M. Yalama, E. Erdogan, N. Cengiz, I. Kati and C. Ragbetli, 2009. Acute Myotoxic Effects of by Infusion of Prilocaine and Lidocaine in Rats. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 8: 2325-2328.