Abstract: This study was carried out with the aim of investigate the arterial vascularization of the hind limb muscles in Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica). In this study, 15 items quail were used. The method of latex injection was administered. Arterial vascularization of the hind limb was supplied by external iliac artery and ischiadic artery. The external iliac artery was terminated by dividing circumflex femoral artery and femoral artery and which course it had given umbilical and cranial gluteal artery. The ischiadic artery had been the thickest vessel nourishing the leg. During the course, it was given caudal gluteal, obturator, deep femoral, superior nutrient and caudal femoral artery. Popliteal artery was the continuation of the ischiadic artery. The inferior nutrient artery, medial tibial artery, peroneal artery, ramus tibialis, ramus fibularis, cranial recurrent tibial artery and lateral tibial artery arose from the cranial tibial artery. The genu suprema artery was raised from medial tibial artery. Rete tibiotarsale was shaped by the branches of cranial tibial artery at distal level of tibiae and artery tarsalis lateralis et medialis were taken out of from this network. The lateral recurrent tibial artery was raised from lateral tarsal artery. The medial tarsal artery had given out caudomedial and caudolateral metatarsal artery and on the cranial surface of metatarsus extremitas proximalis by unifying with lateral tarsal artery, it has shaped dorsal pedal artery. The craniolateral and craniomedial metatarsal artery were taken the origin from this vessel and perforating metatarsal artery from craniolateral metatarsal artery.
Mehmet Can, Zekeriya Ozudogru and Dervis Ozdemir, 2010. Arterial Vascularization of the Hind Limb Muscles in the Japanese Quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica). Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 9: 2265-2270.