Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances

Year: 2010
Volume: 9
Issue: 4
Page No. 736 - 740

First Report of Caprine Arthritis Encephalitis Virus Infection in Sudan

Authors : A.M. Elfahal, A.M. Zakia and A.M. El-Hussien

Abstract: Caprine Arthritis-Encephalitis Virus (CAEV) infection of goats has a worldwide distribution and trade in live animals is considered the main reason for the widespread of the disease. The disease has not been previously recognized in the Sudan neither by serological nor molecular biological methods. The objective of this study was to investigate CAEV infection among the imported purebred goats and their crossbred lines in the Sudan, generate information about the disease and to establish methods for diagnosis of CAEV infections, as a base line for further epidemiological and virological studies. In this study, samples (273 serum and 173 whole blood) were collected from goats in different areas of Khartoum state, Sudan. Enzyme Linked Immunosorbant Assay (ELISA) was used to detect CAEV-specific antibodies in serum and Polymerase Chain Reaction assay (PCR) was performed to detect CAEV nucleic acid in blood samples. Out of 273 animals tested, 20 (7.3%) were confirmed as CAEV infected by ELISA and nucleic acid of CAEV was detected in 41 (23.7%) out of 173 animals by PCR. ELISA failed to detect 24 samples that were positive by PCR, while PCR failed to detect only two samples that were positive by ELISA. In the present study, we reported for the first time the existence of CAEV infection, using ELISA and PCR in goats in Sudan.

How to cite this article:

A.M. Elfahal, A.M. Zakia and A.M. El-Hussien, 2010. First Report of Caprine Arthritis Encephalitis Virus Infection in Sudan. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 9: 736-740.

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