Abstract: Potato with scientific name of Solanum tuberosum L., belongs to the Solanaceae family and is an edible herbaceous plant which has medicinal properties. In this study the process of anther and pollen development in the potato was studed. Flowers and buds are harvested at different stages of development, fixed in FAA and were maintained in 70% alcohol. The samples, being prepared and embedded in paraffin were cross-sectioned with the microtome. Staining was performed by haematoxylin and eosin. The results showed that the plant has 4 bags of pollen per each anther, anther wall development in this plant is of the kind found in the dicotyledonous plants and is formed of a layer of epidermis, a endotheciumlayer, middle layer and a feeder layer (Tatetum). Its nourishing layer is secretory and simultaneous cytokinesis is used to separate tetrad. The microspore tetrads are of quadrilateral (tetrahedral) type. Pollen grains include 2 cells at the time they are released and have three vegetative splits.
Shiva Talebi, Ahmad Majd, Masoumeh Mirzai, Sayeh Jafari and Masoumeh Abedini, 2016. The Study of Anther Development, Microsporogenesis and Formation of Male Gametophyte in Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.). Research Journal of Biological Sciences, 11: 34-37.