The Social Sciences

Year: 2016
Volume: 11
Issue: 3
Page No. 234 - 241

Inter-Relationship of Illness Perception, Personality and Quality of Life among Type 2 Diabetes Patients: A Cross-Sectional Survey

Authors : Rafidah Aini Pakri Mohamed, Norhayati Ibrahim, Siti Balkis Budin, Ahmad Marzuki Omar, Nor Azmi Kamaruddin and Rozmi Ismail

Abstract: Improved psychological aspect among type 2 diabetic patients plays an important role towards an improved quality of life. Therefore, the aim of this study is to determine the inter-relationship of illness perceptions, personality and quality of life of type 2 diabetic patients from the Diabetic Clinic of Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre (UKMMC). A total of 115 of type 2 diabetic patients were involved in this study. Patients were surveyed using a quantitative questionnaires of Short Form 36 (SF-36), Revised-Illness Perception (IPQ-R) and big five inventory from September to December 2014. Result shows that most of the sub-domains in the Health Related Quality of Life (HRQOL) were correlated either positively or negatively with the sub-domain of illness perceptions (p<0.05). In addition, most of the sub-domains of the Big Five inventory were also positively correlated with the sub-domains of HRQOL except for the neuroticism sub-domain (p<0.05). It was also found that personality contributed 21.2% of the variation to the PCS domain while 32.6% of the variation contributed to the MCS domain of HRQOL. In addition, 17.1% of the illness perceptions variation contributed to the PCS domain and 32.7% of the variation contributed to the MCS domain of HRQOL. The findings of this study shows that there is a positive inter-relationship between illness perceptions and personality towards the quality of life of type 2 diabetic patients. A better understanding of illness perceptions and positive personality plays an important role in improving the quality of life among type 2 diabetic patients.

How to cite this article:

Rafidah Aini Pakri Mohamed, Norhayati Ibrahim, Siti Balkis Budin, Ahmad Marzuki Omar, Nor Azmi Kamaruddin and Rozmi Ismail, 2016. Inter-Relationship of Illness Perception, Personality and Quality of Life among Type 2 Diabetes Patients: A Cross-Sectional Survey. The Social Sciences, 11: 234-241.

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