The Social Sciences

Year: 2017
Volume: 12
Issue: 11
Page No. 2123 - 2127

The Impact of Cognitive and Emotive Techniques in Rational Emotive Behavioural Therapy Counseling on Aggressive Behavior Tendencies Based on Personality Types among Students of Public Junior High School 4, Denpasar, Bali

Authors : Nyoman Dantes, I. Wayan Susanta and Ni Ketut Suarni

Abstract: This study aims to determine the interaction effect between cognitive and emotive techniques in rational emotive behavioral therapy counseling on aggressive behaviour propensity based on student’s personality types. The research is conducted at Public Junior High School 4 Denpasar, Bali. The study design uses treatment by level 2×2 with cognitive and emotive techniques acting as the independent variables. Cognitive technique is applied on experimental group while emotive technique is given to control group. Personality type plays the role of moderator variable which is divided into introvert and extrovert personalities. Meanwhile, aggressive behavior tendency serves as the dependent variable in the study. The instruments used in the study areones of personality types to distinguish introvert and extrovert students and aggressive behaviour tendency instruments to measure student’s aggression level. As many as 108 students from class 8 enrolled as research samples that were previously selected using purposive sampling technique. The data collected during the study are analyzed using two-way interactions analysis and Scheffe’s t-test. The results indicate that: there is a difference in aggressive behavior tendencies between students treated with cognitive techniques and those treated with emotive techniques. There is an interaction effect between counseling techniques of rational emotive behavioral therapy and personality type on aggressive behavior tendencies. Cognitive technique is more effective in decreasing the tendency of aggressive behavior on extrovert students, emotive technique is more effective in reducing the aggressive behaviour tendency on introvert students. Hence, it can be concluded that cognitive and emotive techniques and personality types significantly influence the decline of aggressive behaviour tendencies among students at Public Junior High School 4 Denpasar, Bali.

How to cite this article:

Nyoman Dantes, I. Wayan Susanta and Ni Ketut Suarni, 2017. The Impact of Cognitive and Emotive Techniques in Rational Emotive Behavioural Therapy Counseling on Aggressive Behavior Tendencies Based on Personality Types among Students of Public Junior High School 4, Denpasar, Bali. The Social Sciences, 12: 2123-2127.

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