Abstract: After the prospecting and the harvest of the seeds, a behavioural test was made to put in evidence the different phenologic stages and the notation of some agronomic features as the vigour, the alternativity, the sensitivity to the diseases, the resistance to the cold weather and rainfall, in addition to the faculty of the remontaison of three local graminaceous fodder, Lolium multiflorum Lamk, Festuca arundinacea Schreb and Phalaris arundinacea L. The obtained results show that generally, the three species present a higher germinative faculty in laboratory conditions and good germination (> 70%) in soil. With regard to the phenologic stages, from the lifting until flowering, it was noted that the rye-grass and the tall fescue have a similar chronological evolution. The red canary grass cycle was different as it spends more time to raise and tiller and in spite of that, it flowers one week before the two other species. Otherwise, the notation of the agronomic characters showed that in the montaison stage, the rye-grass was vulnerable to laying down; the tall fescue was less vigorous during the winter especially, in the first year of sowing. The following years, the tall fescue reacted better to the cold weather, the dryness and floods. The red canary grass was slightly sensitive to the rust and oidium diseases. As a whole, these ecotypes seem to have a rather good general rusticity.
M. Boudelaa , S. Slimani , T.O. Boutebba and S. Boussora , 2007. Five Years of Phenologic Observations and Agronomic Features of Three Local Poaceae Fodder in North East Algeria. Agricultural Journal, 2: 87-92.